Selasa, 08 Desember 2015

Understanding Nutrition and Nutritional Substances Definitions In Food

Understanding Nutrition (nutrient) is a chemical bond that the body needs to perform its functions, which produce energy, build and maintain the network and to manage the processes of life (Almatsier, 2005). According Sediaoetama, 1997 (in Santoso, 2004), nutrition or food is a basic ingredient of food preparation that has the function of energy or energy sources, support the growth of the body, maintain and replace body tissue, regulates metabolism and plays a role in the body's defense mechanisms.

Understanding Nutrition and Nutritional Substances Definitions In Food
Understanding Nutrients - Generally the nutrients we know is: carbohydrate or carbohydrate, protein, or albumin, fat-vitaimin vitamins and minerals. There is a group of experts that add oxygen to the water this reason has not been accepted by all the experts (Sediaoetama, 2000). The fifth short explanation of these nutrients are:

Carbohydrate or carbohydrate
Protein or albumin

Benefits of nutrients
Classification of food based on the function of nutrients according Sediaoetama, (2000) are:
Energy nutrients, namely carbohydrates, fats and proteins. These nutrients are mostly generated by basic foodstuffs. Energy substances from the food staple used for growth and to move.
Nutrients of cells, mainly occupied by proteins that food side dishes belonging to the food source of a useful building block for development.
Nutrients regulator, into the group including vitamins and minerals. Regulators required the child to the child's body organs function properly.

Source - a source of nutrients
Food sources of carbohydrates: rice, corn, potatoes, cassava, sweet potatoes, wheat flour, noodles, taro.
Food sources of vegetable protein: tempeh, tofu, green beans, soybeans, red beans, peanuts. Food sources of animal protein: eggs, fish, chicken, meat, liver, shrimp, catfish, anchovies, milk.
Food sources of vitamins and minerals: vegetables and fruits
Fruits belonged food sources of regulators, sources regulator especially dark green vegetables such as cassava leaves, leaves of bean, leaf melinjo, papaya, kale, spinach, mustard greens and vegetables that are yellow, orange such as carrots, tomatoes, squash yellow. Similarly, vegetables group beans - legumes such as beans, chickpeas, cowpeas. Fruit - fruit such as papaya, pineapple, guava, mango, jackfruit ripe, bananas, oranges, guava, rambutan, apples (Santoso 2004). Food sources of fat: vegetable oils - vegetable (palm oil, palm oil, peanuts, soybeans, corn, etc.), butter, margarine and animal fats (fatty meat and chicken). Other sources of fat are nuts - nuts, grains - grains, meat and chicken fat, cream, milk, cheese, egg yolks, and the food is cooked with fat or oil. Fruits that contain a lot of fat is avocado (Almatsier, 2003).

Nutrient deficiency Substance
Lack of food sources of energy substances (carbohydrates and fats) will interfere with the growth of the child.
Short-term impact on children's development of protein deficiency is loss of consciousness, impaired speech and other developmental disorders. Long-term effects of protein deficiency is a decrease in intelligence, attention deficit disorder, disturbance reduction in confidence.
Regulatory deficiencies (vitamins and minerals) in children will lead to various diseases caused by vitamin deficiency eg thrush, give - give, etc. (Santoso 2004).

How to Treat Food Ingredients

Things that need to be considered in processing the food that is good so that the nutrients contained in food are not lost:
Rice is only washed twice only.
Meat and fish: cook until really mature, if not allowed to dry fried.
Vegetables: wash first, then cut into pieces, cook the vegetables should not be too long (not to soft and discolored).
Fruits: should be consumed in a fresh state that vitamin content is not lost
(MOH, 2006).
Substance Understanding Nutrition

How to Develop Healthy Dishes
Prepare meals daily based triguna food is the order that has three sources of energy, resource builder, resource regulator.
Use in a wide range of food ingredients, every day and is available in the local area.
Take advantage of the results of the yard to improve family nutrition.
Choose foods according to their ability and the purchasing power of families preferred.
Use of iodized salt for cooking food for the family.
Recommend early as possible and nutritious traditional foods favored by children
(MOH, 2006).

Understanding Health Education Objectives According to the Experts

Understanding Health education is the educational activities undertaken by spreading the message to instill confidence so that people are not only aware, know and understand, but is also willing and able to perform a suggestion that has to do with the customer. (Nasrul Efendi. 1998: 232).

Definition Health education is a process aimed at individuals or groups of people so that they can behave in keeping healthy and maintaining their health (http // / 2007)

According Waston (1985) extension is to provide information to clients and to the life and events in life more effectively (Friedman, M. Marlyin 1998: 487).

 Counseling destination
To provide information so that the client is able to make the right decisions in relation to health and illness.
To help the client in order to participate effectively in the treatment or cure.
To help clients adapt to the reality of the disease and its treatment.
To help clients to experience a sense of satisfaction with their own efforts that support health (Friedman, Marlyn M. 1998: 487).

Scope Extension
Scope Guidance covers three aspects:
Health education targets are individuals, families, groups and communities are made subject and object behavior change, which is expected to understand, appreciate and apply the ways of healthy living and daily life. Material or messages to be delivered to the client should be tailored to the needs of health and nursing of individuals, families, groups and communities, so that the material presented can be felt directly benefited.
The method used in health education should be a method that can develop two-way communication between the providing information to the client so that the client's expected level of understanding of the message delivered will be clearer and easier to understand (Nasrul Efendi. 1998: 233).

Factors that influence in the counseling
1 Factors extension
Lack of preparation
Less over matter
Looks less convincing
The language used is less understandable
Less noise can be heard
Submission of extension materials too monotonous

2 Factors target
Level of education
Socio-economic level
Indigenous beliefs and habits that have been ingrained sehngga difficult to change
Environmental conditions residence

Understanding Health Education

3. Factor in the counseling process
Time extension is not in accordance with the desired time with the target.
Place extension
Number of goals hear counseling
Props in counseling
The method used
The language used
(Nasrul Efendi. 1998: 247-248)

Understanding Employment Relations Definition

Understanding Employment Relations - Basically, the working relationship is the relationship between workers and employers, occurred after a held agreement by workers with employers, where workers expressed his readiness to work on the employer for a wage and where employers expressed his readiness to employ workers to pay wages. Such agreements are called agreements. From that sense it is clear that the employment relationship as a form of legal relationship is born or created after an agreement between workers and employers.

Definitions Working relationships and Judiantoro According to Hartono Widodo, the working relationship is exertion activities / services of someone on a regular basis for the sake of others who governed (employers / employer) in accordance with the employment agreement that has been agreed upon. (Hartono, Judiantoro, Legal Settlement of Labour Disputes, (Jakarta: Eagle Press, 1992), p. 10.)

Furthermore Tjepi F. Aloewir, argued that the definition of an employment relationship is the relationship between employers and workers arising from the treaty held for a certain period or indefinite. (Tjepi F. Aloewic, Academic About Termination and Settlement of Industrial Disputes, Prints 11th, (Jakarta: BPHN, 1996), p. 32.)

Labor relations essentially covers matters concerning:
Making the Employment Agreement (the starting point of the existence of an employment relationship)
Workers obligation (ie do the job, as well as the rights of employers on the job)
Employers obligation (ie to pay wages to workers, as well as a right of the worker's wage)
The termination of Employment
How to Dispute Settlement between the parties concerned